Haiti is an island state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Great Antilles. Also, it includes the western part of the Caribbean island as well as that of the eastern part of which is occupied by the Dominican Republic.
The approximately eleven million inhabitants of Haiti are mostly of sub-Saharan African descent. The capital of the country is Port-au-Prince. The atlantic ocean borders the country to the north. Dominican Republic borders Haiti to the east. Similarly, to the south by the Caribbean Sea. To the west by the Canal du Vent, which separates the island from Cuba.
The country covers 27,750 square kilometers. Its capital, Port-au-Prince, is located at the bottom of the Gulf of Gonave.
First and foremost, Haiti is made up of two peninsulas separated by the Gulf of Gonave. Gonave is the largest of the islands off its coast. Furthermore, Turtle Island which is famous as a den of buccaneers in the 17th century is located in the north of the country off Port-de-Paix, and Cow Island in the southwest in the Caribbean Sea off Les Cayes.
The country has a very rugged terrain. It is mainly mountainous, with massifs oriented east-west, separated by narrow valleys. The highest peak on the island is in the Selle massif, which rises to 2,640 m. Mountain ranges almost everywhere border the coastlines, which are very cut out. Rivers are difficult to navigate but the main one, the Artibonite, is partly navigable. The country has two large lakes near the Dominican border.
The climate is tropical. The rainy season extends from April to June and from October to November. The west coast and the island of Gonave enjoy a dry and warm climate, with an average temperature of 27 and very little thermal variation between summer and winter. The mountains in the south and north of the country, as well as the narrow coastal plains, have a colder and more humid climate.